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Describing people using personは △△が ~です

Describing people using personは △△が ~です

Connection

  • [person] は [body part] が いたい です。= [person] has sore/painful [body part]
  • [person] は [body part] が かゆい です。= [person] has itchy [body part]
  • [person] は [body part] が [noun] です。= [person] has [adjective] [body part].
  • [person] は [body part] が [いadjective] です。= [person] has [adjective] [body part].
  • [person] は [body part] が [なadjective] です。= [person] has [adjective] [body part].
  • [person] は [activity] が じょうず です。= [person] is good at [activity].
  • [person] は [activity] が とくい です。= [person] is confident in [activity].
  • [person] は [activity] が にがて です。= [person] is week in [activity].
  • [person] は [activity] が へた です。= [person] is bad at [activity].

Examples

  1. (わたし は)* おなか が いたい です。
    (watashi wa)* onaka ga itai desu.
    I have tummy-ache.
  2. (わたし は)* め が かゆい です。
    (watashi wa)* me ga kayui desu.
    I have itchy eyes.
  3. あに は め が みどり です。
    ani wa me ga midori desu.
    My older brother has green eyes.
  4. あね は せい/せ が たかい です。
    ane wa sei/se ga takai desu.
    My older sister is tall (<- My older sister has high stature.)
  5. はは は こえ が しずか です。
    haha wa koe ga shizuka desu.
    My mother has quiet voice.
  6. あには スキーが じょうず です。(Japanese people tend not to use this structure for yourself. Also, you don’t use じょうず for somebody else’s professional skills.)
    ani wa suki- ga jouzu desu.
    My older brother is good as skiing.
  7. あねは りょうりが とくい です。
    ane wa ryouri ga tokui desu.
    My older sister is confident in cooking.
  8. いもうとは えいごが にがて です。
    imouto wa eigo ga nigate desu.
    My younger sister is weak in English.
  9. (わたしは) えが へた です。
    (watashi wa) e ga heta desu.
    I’m not good at drawing.
    * ( ) part is often skipped.

Words for Body Parts

あしashifoot, feet, leg(s)
あたまatamahead
おなかonakastomach
かおkao(a person’s) face
かみkamihair (as the whole)
からだkaradabody
くちkuchimouth, orifice, opening
こえkoevoice
せい/せsei/seheight, stature
tehand
hatooth
はなhananose
みみmimiear
meeye, eyeball

Words for Colours

いろironouncolour
あおaonounblue
あかakanounred
きいろkiironounyellow
くろkuronounblack
しろshironounwhite
ちゃいろchaironounbrown
みどりmidorinoungreen
あおいaoiいadjblue
あかいakaiいadjred
きいろいkiiroiいadjyellow
くろいkuroiいadjblack
しろいshiroiいadjwhite

Suggested Activities

  • Describe your and somebody else’s physical features.
  • Describe your and somebody else’s strong and weak points.

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