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~にくらべて/~にくらべると/~とくらべて/~とくらべると

~にくらべて/~にくらべると/~とくらべて/~とくらべると

Today’s Grammar Point: ~にくらべて/~にくらべると/~とくらべて/~とくらべると

くらべる/比べる means “to compare.” As we can say “to compare A with B” or “to compare A to B” in English, we can say “A を B とくらべる” or “A を B にくらべる” . In my opinion, ~と is more like “with” and ~に is more like “to.” When we use くらべる as part of a sentence like, “compared with/to …” we use either ~に/とくらべて (てform) or ~に/とくらべると ([dictionary form verb] + と).

Connections

  • [noun] に くらべて
  • [noun] に くらべると
  • [noun] と くらべて
  • [noun] と くらべると

Examples

去年きょねんくらべて、今年ことしあめおおい。
Compared to last year, we have more rain this year.

レモンにくらべてブドウは糖分とうぶんおおい。
Compared to lemons, grapes have more sugar content.

うどんにくらべて蕎麦そばほそい。(Today’s caption)
Compared to udon noodles, soba noodles are thinner.

東京とうきょうくらべると京都きょうとはかなりしずかだ。
Kyoto is much quieter than Tokyo.

中国語ちゅうごくごくらべると、日本語にほんご簡単かんたんだ。
Compared to Chinese, Japanese is easier.

フランスくらべると、英語えいご文法ぶんぽうはわかりやすい。
Compared to French, English grammar is easier to understand.

ローマくらべて、ひらがなはみやすい。
Compared to Roomaji, Hiragana is easier to read.

シドニーとくらべて、メルボルンは交通こうつう便べんがいい。
Compared to Sydney, Melbourne has better transportation.

きんくらべて、どう用途ようと多様たようだ。
Compared to gold, copper has more versatility.

レモンとくらべるとオレンジは随分ずいぶんあまい。
Compared to lemons, oranges are much sweeter.

英語えいごくらべると、日本語にほんご発音はつおんやさしい。
Compared to English, Japanese pronunciation is easier.

去年きょねんくらべると、今年ことしなつ随分ずいぶんすずしい。
Compared to last year, this summer is much cooler.

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