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~には

~には

Today’s Grammar Point: ~には

~には has several meanings but today I’m going to talk about には that follows a dictionary form verb. [dictionary form verb] + には means “(in order) to ~” but rather than stating the purpose of the action, it sets the condition or limit. So ~には is often used in the translation of an English sentence with “too … to ~” or in a sentence that states a requirement for an action. See the examples below.

Connection

  • [dictionary form verb] には

Examples of setting the condition

まだにははやい。
It’s too early to go to bed.

普段着ふだんぎとしてにはもったいない。(Today’s caption)
It’s a waste to wear it as everyday wear.

結婚けっこんするにはわかすぎる。
Too young to get married.

このケーキはべちゃうにはかわいすぎる。
This cake is too cute to eat.

この荷物にもつ日本にほんおくにはおもすぎる。
This package is too heavy to send to Japan.

Examples of stating the requirement(s)

大学だいがくには入学試験にゅうがくしけん合格ごうかくしなければならない。
To go to university, you must pass the entrance exam.

アイスクリームをべるには、スプーンが必要ひつようだ。
You need a spoon to eat ice cream.

この文章ぶんしょうには三時間さんじかんかかる。
It takes three hours to read this passage.

このケーキをつくには、クリームチーズがるよ。
You need cream cheese to make this cake.

いま日本にほんかえには一人ひとりたり最低さいてい4000ドルかかる。
It costs at least $ 4,000 per person to return to Japan now.

When には follows a noun for a person/people

If ~には follows a person, this には can often replace ~にとっては, which is explained in this post.

おっとわたしにはかけがえのないひとです。
My husband is an irreplaceable person for me.

80点はちじゅってんわたしには点数てんすうですが、あににはわる点数てんすうらしいです。
80 points is a good score for me, but it seems to be a bad score for my brother.

大人おとなにはちいさなことでも、どもには一大事いちだいじだ。
Even small things for adults are important for children.

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