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~ねばならぬ

~ねばならぬ
ねばならぬ

Today’s grammar point: ~ねばならぬ

~ねばならぬ is an archaic way of saying ~なければならない/~なければいけない/~ないといけない/~なくちゃ/~なきゃ. It expresses an obligation (“must” or “have to”). It is old-fashioned but it is still quite often used in conversations as well as in written passages.

Connection

  • ichi-dan verbs: [stem] + ねばならぬ
  • go-dan verbs: [ないform stem] + ねばならぬ
    For how to change to ない form, watch this video.
  • irregular verbs:
    • くる/きます ⇒ こねばならぬ
    • する/します ⇒ せねばならぬ
    • いく/いきます⇒いかねばならぬ
    • ある/あります ⇒ あらねばならぬ

Examples

ichi-dan verbs

この舞台ぶたいねばならぬ。
We must watch this stage.

これはべねばならぬ。
We must eat this.

go-dan verbs

わねばならぬ。
We must buy this.

たねばならぬ。
We must win.

はやかえらねばならぬ。
I must go home early.

まねばならぬ。(Today’s Caption)
I must drink it.

なねばならぬ。
I must die.

ばねばならぬ。
I must fly/jump.

かねばならぬ。
I must listen to it.

いそがねばならぬ。
I must hurry.

さがさねばならぬ。
I must look for it.

irregular verbs

明日あしたねばならぬ。
I must come tomorrow again.

しゅくだいをせねばならぬ。
I must do my homework.

仕事しごとかねばならぬ。
I must go to work.

こうであらねばならぬ。
It must be this way.

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