EasyJapaneseE@gmail.com

~まで (for extent)

~まで  (for extent)

Today’s Grammar Point: ~まで (for extent)

In JLPT N5 level, we learned ~まで to be the end point marker which makes a pair with the start point marker ~から. For this ~まで, please read AからBまで .

The ~まで I’m going to talk about today is a particle to describe a/the limit (“to ~” or “up to ~”) or to emphasise the extreme nature of a situation (“to the extent of ~” or “even ~”)

Connections

  • [noun] (+ [particle]) まで
    (まで in this usage usually replaces particles は、が、を)
  • [てform verb]まで
  • [plain form verb]まで

Examples of stating the limit or a cut-off point

10さつまでりられます。
You can borrow up to 10 books.

応募資格おうぼしかく30歳さんじゅっさいまでです。
Applicants must be 30 years old or younger.

Examples of emphasis

強風きょうふう屋根やねまでんだ。
Even the roof was blown off by the strong wind.

先生せんせいまでジョンさんのうそしんじてしまった。
Even the teacher believed John’s lie.

なかがすいてぬすまでしたそうだ。
He was so hungry that he went to the extent of committing theft.

そこまでする必要ひつようがあるのでしょうか。
Do we really need to do that much?

カンニングをしてまで、いいてんりたいんですか。
Will you go as far as cheating in order to get good marks?

いのちけてまでまもりたいものはない。
There is nothing that I would stake my life on to protect.

おっと料理りょうりきらいでしたが、いまではすしをつくまでになりました。(Today’s Caption)
My husband didn’t like cooking but now he even makes sushi.
Here the particle まで does not replace the particle に (the result of a change marker) which the verb なりました needs.

わざわざおいでいただくまでもありません。お電話でんわ十分じゅうぶんです。
There’s no need for you to come all the way over here; a phone call will do.
For this, it may be easier for you to remember ~までもない as a set expression meaning “there is no need to ~”

Answer to today’s question: a (for meaning see above)

おっとは______でしたが、今ではすしを作るまでになりました.。

a. りょうりがきらい he doesn’t like cooking
b. りょうりがじょうず he is good at cooking
c. りょうりがすき he likes cooking
d. りょうりがとくい he feels confident in cooking.

まで emphasises his change, so the only a. he doesn’t like cooking will fit in the context.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

%d bloggers like this: