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~むき/~むけ

~むき/~むけ

Today’s Grammar Point: ~むき/~むけ

Today’s post is about the word き. き alone means a “direction” or an “orientation” but it can follow a noun and ~むき describes suitability for ~. Depending on how it’s used, the words that follow ~むき vary.

As き is the stem of the intransitive verb く, if we use the transitive counter part, け, ~ け means “intended for ~” rather than “suitable for ~.”

Connection

  • [noun] き/け + だ/です = is/are suitable/intended for ~
  • [noun 1] き/け + の [noun 2] = … suitable/intended for ~
  • [noun] き/け + に [predicate] = suitably/intending for ~

Examples

このチェリーは輸出ゆしゅつです。
These cherries are suitable for export.

このくるま大家族だいかぞくだ。
This car is suitable for a large family.

この物語ものがたり映画えいがだ。
This story is suitable for movies.

ジョンさんは商売しょうばいじゃない。
John is not for business.

輸出ゆしゅつのチェリー
Export-friendly cherries

大家族だいかぞくくるま
A car for large families

映画えいが物語ものがたり
A story suitable for a movie

万人ばんにんのデザイン
a design for all tastes

旅行者りょこうしゃのおちゃ教室きょうしつ
A tea ceremony class suitable for travellers
Cf. 旅行者りょこうしゃのおちゃ教室きょうしつ
A tea ceremony class intended for travellers

子供こどもかれたほん
Books written for children
子供こどもほん
Books for children

大人おとなきにつくられたゲーム
A game made for adults
大人おとなけのゲーム
A game for adults

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