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Expanding a sentence using particles

Expanding a sentence using particles

Japanese sentences are very forgiving about the order of sentence components. The only thing we need to stick to is to place the (predicate) verb at the end of a sentence with or without a sentence ending particle (か or ね or よ).

You can place any of the elements on the left below in almost any order.

Explanation Video 1

Explanation Video 2

tools

JapaneseEnglish
えんぴつpencil
コップcup (usually glass without a handle)
スプーンspoon
でんわtelephone
はしchopsticks
フォークfork
ペンpen
ボールペンball-point pen

Transport

HiraganaEnglish
くるまcar, vehicle
じてんしゃbicycle
じどうしゃautomobile
ちかてつunderground train, subway
でんしゃelectric train
バスbus
ひこうきaeroplane, airplane

Suggested Activities

Try to make up a few sentences with particles.

Do the exercises listed in Module 5 of the Moodle course.

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