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live, know, love, believe, have, etc.

Do you know the Japanese words for these verbs?

They are respectively:

住(す)んでいます

知(し)っています

愛(あい)しています

信(しん)じています

持(も)っています

 

Yesterday, I talked about how to express what you are doing, which in English you can do by using the “be + ~ing” pattern, by using the “てForm + います” pattern in Japanese.

 

Although you don’t use these verbs in the pattern of “be + ~ing” in English, in Japanese they are used in the “てForm + います” pattern.

 

京都に住みます means “I am going to live in Kyoto” or “I have decided to live in Kyoto”

京都に住んでいます  means “I live in Kyoto.”

 

If you want to ask if the other person knows Mr Tanaka, you can say:

田中さんを知っていますか?

but you cannot say

田中さんを知りますか?

This sentence does not make sense in Japanese.

 

So be careful with those English verbs that express a state rather than an action.

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