Today’s Question


a. いやだからかなくてもいい。
b. いやだけどくほうがいい。
c. いやでもかなければならない。
d. いやならかなくていい。

Today’s Grammar Point: ~ことはない/こともない

~ことはない has 2 meanings:

  1. never do ~
  2. You shouldn’t ~, you don’t have to ~

The first meaning is the negative form of [non-past verb] + ことが ある and the second meaning is a phrase to give an advice and it can be rephrase with ~なくていい. If you change は to も, ~こともない means “you can but you don’t have to ~.” ~こともない is often used to remind yourself not to do ~. You can rephrase that with ~しなくていい.


  1. never ~:[dictionary form verb] + ことがない/ことはない
  2. You shouldn’t ~, you don’t have to ~: [dictionary form verb] + ことはない/こともない

Examples of the first meaning

We never have meals together as a family.
(Although we do other things together as a family) we never eat meals together.

We never go out in a car.
(Although we go out) we never go out in a car.

Examples of the second meaning

You don’t need to worry.

You don’t have to take all the responsibility alone.

You don’t have to stay silent.

You don’t need to mind that!

You don’t have to do it all today.

いやだったらくことない。(Today’s Question sentence)
You shouldn’t have to go if you don’t want to?

I don’t have to hurry.

I shouldn’t be impatient, shouldn’t I?

Answer to today’s question: d

a. いやだからかなくてもいい。You don’t have to go because you don’t want to.
b. いやだけどくほうがいい。Even if you don’t want to, you ‘d better go.
c. いやでもかなければならない。Even if you don’t want to, you must go.
d. いやならかなくていい。You shouldn’t have to go if you don’t want to. (correct answer)

  • こと

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