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~こと/~ことだ

~こと/~ことだ
~こと/~ことだ

Today’s Question

If a sign says くつのままはいらないこと, what do you need to do?

Today’s Grammar Point: ~こと/~ことだ

~こと has many, many meanings but this post is about the ~こと that is used as a command or a suggestion. As a command in the plain form, ~こと doesn’t sound too strong but because it is a command, do not use this pattern to people who are in the higher position than you are, such as your bosses and teachers. ~こと is often used in the point form. ~ことだ are basically the same but it sounds a bit more like a suggestion.

Connections

  • [dictionary form verb] + こと(だ)
  • [ないform verb] + こと(だ)
  • [noun] の + こと(usually not followed by だ in this format)

Examples

毎日まいにち日本語にほんご練習れんしゅうすること
Practice Japanese every day!

全部ぜんぶひらがなでくこと
You must write everything in Hiragana.

ローマ使つかわないこと
Don’t use Roomaji.

英語えいごはなさないこと
Don’t speak in English.

くつのままはいらないこと。(Today’s Question Sentence)
Don’t enter with your shoes on.

まず辞書じしょうことだ
The first thing to do is to buy a good dictionary.

自分じぶん職業しょくぎょう自分じぶんめることだ
You must decide yourself what job to get.

りたものはさっさとかえすことだ
You should give back whatever you borrowed as soon as possible.

かえせないものはりないことだ
Don’t borrow what you can’t return.

午後 3 時ごごさんじにここに集合しゅうごうのこと
Meet here at 3:00 p.m.

パスポートを持参じさんのこと
Bring your passport.

Answer to today’s question: You should take your shoes off before entering.

  • こと

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