#近 is made of #しんにょう/#しんにゅう with 斤. 斤’s original meaning is “an axe” but it also means “a small amount,” from which 近 came to mean “not much to walk” ⇒ “close”
近所（キンジョ）: the neighborhood
近親（キンシン）: an immediate relation
接近（セッキン）: (an) approach, (a) movement toward…
近藤（コンドウ）: Kondo, a common family name
右近（ウコン） :the ‘Right-Wing’ Division of the ancient Imperial Guard.
近（ちか）い: close, near
近道（ちかみち）: a shorter way, a shortcut
近衛兵（コノエヘイ）: a soldier in the Imperial Guard
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