EasyJapaneseE@gmail.com

およそ、ぐらい、ごろ、やく

およそ、ぐらい、ごろ、やく

今朝(けさ)六時__ 地震(じしん)がありました。
a. およそ b. ぐらい c. ごろ d. やく

All 4 choices above have the meaning of “approximately” or “about” but the usage are different.

およそ and やく are used before the number

およそ is usually used in front of a number and means “approximately”:

およそ10年(ねん)で倍(ばい)になります。
The figure will be doubled in about 10 years.

この町(まち)の人口(じんこう)はおよそ4万人(よんまんにん)です。
The population of this town is about 40,000.

やく(約) can be used instead of およそ:

やく10年(ねん)で倍(ばい)になります。
The figure will be doubled in about 10 years.

この町(まち)の人口(じんこう)は やく4万人(よんまんにん)です。
The population of this town is about 40,000.

くらい/ぐらい is used before the number + counter

くらい/ぐらい is usually used after a number + counter and means “about,” “almost”. It can be used with a time phrase but in that case you need a particle after or end the sentence with だ/です.

ここから東京(とうきょう)まで9時間(くじかん)ぐらいかかります。
It takes about 9 hours from here to Tokyo.

この町(まち)の人口(じんこう)は4万人(よんまんにん)くらいです。
The population of this town is about 40,000.

今朝(けさ)六時(ろくじ)ぐらい地震(じしん)がありました。
There was an earthquake at around 6 o’clock this morning – if you use に (at) after ぐらい, ぐらい can be used in this sentence.

ごろ is used only after a time phrase

ごろ is used only with a time phrase and it can include the meaning of “in” or “at” (although you can add に after ごろ):

八時(はちじ)ごろ帰(かえ)りました。
I went home around 8 o’clock.

お昼(ひる)ごろに伺(うかが)います。
I’m visiting you around lunch time.

The intended meaning is: there was an earthquake at around 6 o’clock this morning. All the choices given have the meaning of “approximately” but the one you can use in this sentence is c. ごろ only.

Please visit EasyJapaneseE’s JLPT N3 grammar page and N3 Kanji page for more study material.

If you liked this article, please share it with your friends using the social media buttons below. Also, your clicks on ads on this page help covering the cost of running this website. Your support will be much appreciated.

EasyJapaneseE’s Basic Grammar Exercise Modules

Following short modules are available for subscription! Click the name of a module for more information.

One thought on “およそ、ぐらい、ごろ、やく

  1. Reply
    ~くらい/ぐらい | EasyJapaneseE
    16 July 2021 at 8:30 am

    […] has a few meanings. One is for “approximately” and that usage is explained here. Today, I’m going to talk about the ~くらい/ぐらい that is used to describe how […]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

%d bloggers like this: