What is the best word to put in all the blanks below.

  1. ひらがなと カタカナは ___。
  2. アメリカと にほんとは おおきさが ___。
  3. ジョンさんは きょう いつもと ___ ネクタイを している。
  4. やくそくが ___じゃないか。

The answer is the intransitive verb 違(ちが)う. It is a verb but the usage is similar to the English adjective “different.”

The translation of each sentence with ちがう is:

  1. Hiragana and Katakana are different.
  2. America and Japan are of different sizes.
  3. Today John wears a different tie from always.
  4. This is NOT what we agreed on.

You should remember the particles used with this sentence pattern.

When you are comparing [A] and [B]:
[A] [B] ちがう。
[A] [B] ちがう。

If you are adding a criterion by which you are comparing the two, you add [criterion]が
[A] [B](と)は [criterion]ちがう。
[A] [B] [criterion] ちがう。

If what you are comparing is obvious, you can skip [A] and/or [B] as shown in the examples 3 and 4. ([A] is omitted in 3 and both [A] and [B] are omitted in 4.)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

%d bloggers like this: