Today’s Grammar Point: ~には

~には has several meanings but today I’m going to talk about には that follows a dictionary form verb. [dictionary form verb] + には means “(in order) to ~” but rather than stating the purpose of the action, it sets the condition or limit. So ~には is often used in the translation of an English sentence with “too … to ~” or in a sentence that states a requirement for an action. See the examples below.


  • [dictionary form verb] には

Examples of setting the condition

It’s too early to go to bed.

普段着ふだんぎとしてにはもったいない。(Today’s caption)
It’s a waste to wear it as everyday wear.

Too young to get married.

This cake is too cute to eat.

This package is too heavy to send to Japan.

Examples of stating the requirement(s)

To go to university, you must pass the entrance exam.

You need a spoon to eat ice cream.

It takes three hours to read this passage.

You need cream cheese to make this cake.

It costs at least $ 4,000 per person to return to Japan now.

When には follows a noun for a person/people

If ~には follows a person, this には can often replace ~にとっては, which is explained in this post.

My husband is an irreplaceable person for me.

80 points is a good score for me, but it seems to be a bad score for my brother.

Even small things for adults are important for children.

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