~ために vs ~ように

~ために vs ~ように


Both means the same, “I exercise to lose weight.” ために and ように can both be translated as “in order to.” In these examples, you can use both ために and ように but most of the time, you can use one or the other and which one to use is usually decided by the verb just before ために or ように.

In order to go to a university, I study hard.


In order to be able to go to a university, I study very hard.


In order to be heard by everyone, I will say it in a loud voice.


In order NOT to be heard by everyone, I will say it in a soft voice.


The following table summarizes when to use which:

Verb before ために / ように



Purposeful action(みる、きく、する、いく, etc.)

Potential Form (meaning of “can”)(できる、たべられる、いける, etc.)

Condition/State(ある、きこえる、みえる, etc.)

Negative Form(みない、きかない、いかない, etc.)


Also, please note in the last 2 sets of examples, the action takers of the 2 verbs are different. It is “everyone” who “hears (or doesn’t hear)” it and it is “me” who “says” it. In these cases, you cannot use ために.


For more study material for JLPT N4 exam, please visit JLPT N4 Grammar and Vocab and JLPT N4 Kanji pages.

One thought on “~ために vs ~ように

  1. Reply
    ~ため(に)(cause/reason) | EasyJapaneseE
    28 September 2021 at 8:00 am

    […] have learned ~ため(に) to express a purpose before but today’s ~ため(に) is for describing a reason or […]

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