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causative-passive

causative-passive

ジョンさんはパーティーに行かせられた。
Did John want to go to the party?

~させられる is a combination of causative and passive and it means “to be made to do …,” so usually it is used to describe the situation when you had to do something against your will.

In order to use it, you need to change the verb into its causative and and swap the ending -ます/る with られます/られる。With go-dan verbs, people often use shortened form which ends in -aされる in conversation, but they are not fully accepted, especially when the ending becomes -さされる, so maybe better to avoid using them yourself at least for the time being. See the table below. Make sure the verbs which conjugate in the vowel column, such as かう, いう and うたう, ”-a” part becomes .

English-ますdictionarycausativecausative-passive
irregularto doしますするさせるさせられる
to comeきますくるこさせるこさせられる
ichi-dangeneral rule-ます-る-させる-させられる
to watchみますみるみさせるみさせられる
to eatたべますたべるたべさせるたべさせられる
go-dangeneral rule-iます-u-aせる-aせられる
(-aされる)
to writeかきますかくかかせるかかせられる
(かかされる)
to runはしりますはしるはしらせるはしらせられる
(はしらされる)
to buyかいますかうせるかわせられる
(かわされる)

土曜日(どようび)に家(いえ)のそうじをさせられる。
I’m made to clean the house on Saturdays.

日曜日(にちようび)なのに、劇(げき)の練習(れんしゅう)で学校(がっこう)に来(こ)させられた。
I was made to come to school for play practise even though it is Sunday.

校庭(こうてい)を走(はし)らせられた/走(はし)らされた。
I was made to run around in the schoolyard.

10キロも歩(ある)かせられた/歩(ある)かされた。
I was made to walk as much as 10 kilometers.

毎日(まいにち)漢字(かんじ)を10回(じゅっかい)ずつ書(か)かせられる/書(か)かされる。
I’m made to write kanji characters 10 times every day.

クラスの前(まえ)で作文(さくぶん)を読(よ)ませられた/読(よ)まされた。
I was made to read my essay in front of the class.

高(たか)い車(くるま)を買(か)わせられた/買(か)わされた。
I was made to buy an expensive car.

毎日(まいにち)野菜(やさい)を食(た)べさせられる。
I’m made to eat vegetables everyday.

こどもの頃(ころ)は毎晩(まいばん)八時(はちじ)に寝(ね)させられた。
I was made to go to bed at 8 every night when I was a child.

仕事(しごと)を辞(や)めさせられた。
I was made to quit the job.

あの本(ほん)には考(かんが)えさせられた。
That book made me to think. (It is unusual to use an object like a book as the subject of the sentence in Japanese, so these sentences are usually expressed in passive.)

Please visit EasyJapaneseE’s JLPT N3 grammar page and N3 Kanji page for more study material.

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