Did John want to go to the party?

~させられる is a combination of causative and passive and it means “to be made to do …,” so usually it is used to describe the situation when you had to do something against your will.

In order to use it, you need to change the verb into its causative and and swap the ending -ます/る with られます/られる。With go-dan verbs, people often use shortened form which ends in -aされる in conversation, but they are not fully accepted, especially when the ending becomes -さされる, so maybe better to avoid using them yourself at least for the time being. See the table below. Make sure the verbs which conjugate in the vowel column, such as かう, いう and うたう, ”-a” part becomes .

irregularto doしますするさせるさせられる
to comeきますくるこさせるこさせられる
ichi-dangeneral rule-ます-る-させる-させられる
to watchみますみるみさせるみさせられる
to eatたべますたべるたべさせるたべさせられる
go-dangeneral rule-iます-u-aせる-aせられる
to writeかきますかくかかせるかかせられる
to runはしりますはしるはしらせるはしらせられる
to buyかいますかうせるかわせられる

I’m made to clean the house on Saturdays.

I was made to come to school for play practise even though it is Sunday.

I was made to run around in the schoolyard.

I was made to walk as much as 10 kilometers.

I’m made to write kanji characters 10 times every day.

I was made to read my essay in front of the class.

I was made to buy an expensive car.

I’m made to eat vegetables everyday.

I was made to go to bed at 8 every night when I was a child.

I was made to quit the job.

That book made me to think. (It is unusual to use an object like a book as the subject of the sentence in Japanese, so these sentences are usually expressed in passive.)

Please visit EasyJapaneseE’s JLPT N3 grammar page and N3 Kanji page for more study material.

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