はるが くる (   ) さくらが さきます。

  1. と    b. とき    c. なら    d. のに

A: はるがくる = spring comes
B: さくらが さきます =  cherry trees bloom

The most appropriate way to connect these two would be “When spring comes (A), cherry trees will bloom (B)” in the way that “when A happens, B will always follow.” As I explained in my previous post “Differences among ~と, ~とき and ~たら”, the most appropriate conjunction here is a. と. More examples of this pattern are:

If you eat rice, you’ll gain weight.

When I read this book, I always get sleepy.

When I see chocolate, I always want to eat it.

When I feel lonely, I always ring Mum.

When you study a foreign language, you get to know your own language better.

This tune reminds me of my father.

When you practise yoga, your body become flexible.

When I go to school, I get a stomachache.

I can’t sleep when I have coffee after dinner.

b. とき is used to pin-point a time but it is not easy to tell when exactly spring comes or has come, so b. is not the right choice here.

c. なら is to indicate an assumption or a condition, so if you use なら here, it sounds like you are not really sure if spring is coming.

d. のに is more like “even though”, so it is not appropriate here. However, sometimes, cherry trees bloom out of season, then you can say:

あきなのに さくらが さいています。Even though it is autumn, the cherry trees are in bloom.

Please visit my JLPT N4 Grammar page for other grammar items.

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