[past plain verb] + ばかり

[past plain verb] + ばかり

ばんごはんを たべた ( )だから、おなかが いっぱいだ。
a. いない b. ぐらい c. どおり d. ばかり

The intended the meaning is: As I’ve just eaten dinner, I am full. So the correct answer is d. ばかり.

ばかり has many meanings depending on how it’s used but if it’s used in the form of [plain past verb] + ばかり, that means “to have just done ~”

いま きた ばかり です。
I have just come now.

ジョンさんは だいがくを でた ばかりだ。
John has just finished university.

しゅくだいを おえた ばかりだ。
I have just finished my homework.

にほんごを ならい はじめた ばかりの ころは、カタカナが むずかしかった。
When I have just started learning Japanese,I found Katakana difficult.

あけた ばかりの ワインは おいしい。
Freshly opened wine tastes nice.

とれた ばかりの やさいで サラダを つくった。
I made salad with freshly harvested vegetables.

It is similar to [past plain] + ところ but ばかり sounds a little less immediate than ところ.

So depending on the context, 学校を出たところです can mean both:

I have just finished (=completed) school.
as well as
I have just stepped out of the school.

On the other hand, with 学校を出たばかりです, I would assume he/she finished school a few years ago.

For more study material for JLPT N4 exam, please visit JLPT N4 Grammar and Vocab and JLPT N4 Kanji pages.

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