the difference between あいだ and あいだに

the difference between あいだ and あいだに

あいだ is a conjunction which means “while…” but if it is used with another particle に, they mean somewhat different timing.

あいだ indicates the entire period the condition specified is continuing. That means that both phrases before and after あいだ must be something that lasts for a period of time, not something that can be over in no time.

On the other hand, あいだに instead of あいだ indicates one point during that period, so the clause after that can be a one-off action.

Please compare the examples below.


(△)あめがふっているあいだ、そうじしました。(The sentence is OK, if you kept cleaning from the moment it started to rain until it stopped raining.)

I was listening to music throughout the time when I was waiting for the bus.

I listen to music while I was waiting for the bus (but did other things too).

For the entire period when my mother was not home, I cooked all the meals.

While my mother was not home, I cooked some meals (and other cooked as well).

I’m going to spend the entire summer holiday in Japan.

I am going to Japan during my summer holiday.

If you have a question, please feel free to write it in the comment field below.

For more JLPT N3 study material, please visit JLPT N3 Grammar and JLPT N3 Kanji pages.

One thought on “the difference between あいだ and あいだに

  1. Reply
    ~ながら… | EasyJapaneseE
    22 July 2020 at 10:01 pm

    […] If you are talking about 2 different people, you need to use あいだ or あいだに as in the second sentence. For the difference between あいだ and あいだに, read this post. […]

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